Shisha is a type of embroidery done on top of textile for sewing small mirrors to acquire a pretty design. In fact, the word’shisha’means mirrors. This kind of embroidery, often known as mirror work, is quite prevalent in India and its neighboring countries. Initially, items of mica were employed to acquire a reflective surface, but those were subsequently replaced by tiny mirrors. Nowadays, sequins and plastic mirrors may also be used sometimes, but glass mirrors continue being used and they’re believed to be more desirable and traditional.
Traditionally,’shisha’was made from blown glass, the rear of which was painted to have it more reflective. Then, it had been carefully cut or broken Cambridge. This technique is still used and the final product is known as’antique shisha.’ Such pieces of’shisha’are valued due to the slight flaws that creep in while making glass manually, and the difference in their shape and size, as a result of hand cutting.’Perfect shisha’or’embroidery glass ‘, since it is usually called, being made on machines, is thicker and doesn’t have imperfections of size or shape.
‘Shisha’must be firmly attached with the cloth so the latter can hold the weight of the mirror or’shisha.’ This technique works especially well on textile having bold prints in bright colors, where mirrors alongside pretty stitches give a different dimension to the overall design. Mirror embroidery is usually done to increase the wonder of bags of varying sizes, hangings, clothing and household furnishings. Mirrors form an integral part of the overall design. They could form a part of the motifs arranged in geometrical designs or be positioned inside a flower.
Simple straight stitches in many directions are applied over the periphery of the mirror to secure it with the fabric. The edges of the mirror are somewhat rough, so they can contain the thread as well as the fabric, thus keeping the mirror in its desired position. Traditionally, the fastening of mirror to the fabric is done through stitches only, without the usage of any adhesive or glue. Those decorative stitches over the periphery of the mirror not just contain the mirror in place, but additionally go to create a design component.
People not keen or unable to follow the traditional method can get almost similar looks by utilizing plastic rings available with stitching already done around them. Such rings are made to give the design of an ornamental border across the mirror. You may also get lengths of material that have mirrors already sewn in.